Economic Sanctions: What Everyone Needs to Know (Oxford University Press, September 2022).

The Peacemakers: Leadership Lessons from Twentieth-Century Statesmanship (W.W. Norton and Company, April 2018).

Power in a Complex Global Systemco-editor with Louis W. Pauly (Routledge, 2014).

American Foreign Policy: The Dynamics of Choice in the 21st Century (New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 5th edition 2013) 4th edition 2010, 3rd 2006, 2nd 2004, 1st 2000.

The End of Arrogance: America in the Global Competition of Ideasco-authored with Steve Weber (Harvard University Press, 2010).

Perspectives on American Foreign Policy: Readings and Cases (New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 2000).

Opportunities Missed, Opportunities Seized: Preventive Diplomacy in the Post-Cold War Worldeditor and contributor (Rowman and Littlefield and Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, 1999).

Encyclopedia of U.S. Foreign Relations, four volumes, Bruce W. Jentleson and Thomas G. Paterson, senior editors (Oxford University Press and Council on Foreign Relations, 1997).

With Friends Like These: Reagan, Bush and Saddam, 1982-1990(New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1994).

Foreign Military Intervention: They Dynamics of Protracted Conflicteditor and contributor, with Ariel Levite and Larry Berman (New York: Columbia University Press, 1992; paperback edition, 1994).

Pipeline Politics: The Complex Political Economy of East-West Energy Trade (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1986).


Book Reviews:

Obama’s World: Judging His Foreign Policy Record,” in H-DIPLO, June 3, 2016.

Theories of International Relations and ZombiesDaniel Drezner in Perspectives on Politics (March 2012).



With James Goldgeier, “Biden’s Democracy Summit Was Never a Good Idea. But Here’s How To Make It Work.” Politico,  December 5, 2021,

“Weaponized Interdependence, The Dynamics of 21st Century Power, and U.S. Grand Strategy”, in The Uses and Abuses of Weaponized Interdependence, Daniel Drezner, Henry Farrell and Abraham Newman, eds. (Brookings Institution Press, 2021).

“Be Wary of China Threat Inflation” Foreign Policy,  July 30, 2021,

With James Goldgeier, “The United States Needs a Democracy Summit at Home,” Foreign Affairs,  January 9, 2021,

With James Goldgeier, “A Democracy Summit Is Not What the Doctor Ordered,” Foreign Affairs, December 14, 2020,

“Refocusing U.S. Grand Strategy on Pandemic and Environmental Mass Destruction,” The Washington Quarterly   43: 3 (Fall 2020).

“American Foreign Policy and the 2020 Election,” Centre of Gravity Series,  Australia National University, Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs, Strategic and Defence Studies Center, October 2020,

With James Goldgeier,  “The United States Is Not Entitled to Lead the World,” Foreign Affairs,  September 25, 2020,

“Lincoln, FDR and Sizing Up Donald Trump,” The Globalist, April 5, 2020.

“Burying and Unburying History: American Strategy in a Faulknerian World”, War on the Rocks, January 1, 2020.

Roundtable 11-8 on The Back Channel: A Memoir of American Diplomacy and the Case for Its Renewal,The International Security Studies Forum, December 17, 2019.

“Right Sizing Foreign Policy,” Democracy: Journal of Ideas, Fall 2019.

“That Post-Liberal Order International World: Some Core Characteristics,” Lawfare, September 9, 2018.

“Millennials Are So Over U.S. Domination of World Affairs,” The Conversation, July 26, 2018.

“Strategic Recalibration: A Palmerstonian Middle East Strategy,” in Order from Ashes: New Foundations for Security in the Middle East, Michael Wahid Hanna and Thanassis Cambanis (New York and Washington: The Century Foundation and Brookings Institution, 2018).

“The Liberal Order Isn’t Coming Back” What Next?”, Democracy: A Journal of Ideas, forthcoming Spring 2018.

“ISSF Roundtable on America Abroad: The United States’ Global Role in the 21st Century,” H-DIPLO, March 19, 2018, Contributor.

Trump’s Global Foreign Policy Is Bad for Asia,Global Asia, Winter 2017.

Public Opinion and Donald Trump’s Foreign Policy: Initial Assessment,” in H-Diplo/ISSSF, Policy Roundtable, Public Opinion and the Trump administration’s Foreign Policy, Sarah Kreps (ed.), 27 September 2017.

Global Governance, the United Nations and the Challenge of Trumping Trump,” Global Governance 23 (2017).

“The Post-Trump World in Context: The United States and Northeast Asian Strategic Order,” Global Asia, Winter 2016.

The United States and R2P: Challenges of Policy Prioritization, Bureaucratic Institutionalization, Strategy, and International Collaboration,” in The Oxford Handbook on the Responsibility to Protect, Alex Bellamy and Tim Dunne, editors, Oxford University Press, 2016.

“The United States, the West and 21st Century Global Flow of Ideas,” in Global Flow Security: A New Security Agenda for the Transatlantic Community in 2030, Erik Brattberg and Daniel S. Hamilton, eds., (Washington, D.C.: Center for Transatlantic Relations, 2014).

Strategic Recalibration: Framework for a 21st Century National Security Strategy,” The Washington Quarterly (Winter 2014).

“Political Authority, Policy Capacity and 21st Century Governance,” in Pauly and Jentleson, Power in a Complex Global System

“Effective Multilateralism: U.S. Perspectives” in Effective Multilateralism: Through the Looking Glass of East Asia, Jochen Prantl (ed.), Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

“Coercive Diplomacy: Scope, Limits and Requisites,” Air Power and Coercive Diplomacy, Proceedings of the 2012 Royal Australian Air Force Conference, 10-11 May 2012 (Air Power Development Centre: Canberra, Australia, 2012).

The Obama Administration and R2P: Progress Problems and Prospects,” Global Responsibility to Protect 4:2 (2012).

Global Governance in a Copernican World,” Global Governance 17 (June 2012), based on John Holmes Memorial Lecture delivered to Academic Council of the United Nations System (ACUNS).

Accepting Limits: How to Adapt to a Copernican World,” Democracy: A Journal of Ideas (Winter 2012).

Beware the Duck Test,” Washington Quarterly, Summer 2011.

Metternich of Arabia,” National Interest Online, June 29, 2011,

Bridging the Beltway-Ivory Tower Gap,” with Ely Ratner, International Studies Review, Special Presidential Issue 13:1 (March 2011), ISA President Thomas G. Weiss and 2010 Program Chair Elizabeth DeSombre (eds.).

“Normative Future: A U.S. Perspective,” in Transatlantic 2020: A Tale of Four Futures, Daniel Hamilton and Kurt Volker (eds.), SAIS Center for Transatlantic Relations (Brookings Institution Press, 2011).

“Bridging the Beltway-Ivory Tower Gap,” with Ely Ratner, International Studies Review, Special Presidential Issue 13:1 (March 2011), ISA President Thomas G. Weiss and 2010 Program Chair Elizabeth DeSombre (eds.).

Coercive Diplomacy: Scope and Limits, Theory and Policy,” in Victor Mauer and Myriam Dunn Cavelty, eds., The Routledge Handbook of Security Studies (London: Routledge, 2009).

Policy Planning: An Integrative Executive Branch Strategy,” in Avoiding Trivia: The Role of Strategic Planning in American Foreign Policy, Daniel W. Drezner (ed.), Brookings Institution Press, 2009.

“The Atlantic Alliance in a Post-America World,” Journal of Trans-Atlantic Studies, March 2009.

America’s Hard Sell,” with Steven Weber, Foreign Policy, 169 November/December 2008 (cover story).

“United States Country Profile 2008,” CIDOB International Yearbook, CIDOB Foundation, Barcelona, Spain.

“Response to Four Roundtable Reviews, American Foreign Policy: The Dynamics of Choice in the 21st Century (3rd Edition)” Argentia, Newsletter of the British International Studies Association U.S. Foreign Policy Working Group, (December 2007).

America’s Global Role after Bush,” Survival 49:3 (Autumn 2007).

“Military Force Against Terrorism: Questions of Legitimacy, Dilemmas of Efficacy,” in Ivo H. Daalder (ed), Beyond Preemption: Force and Legitimacy in a Changing World (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2007).

“Out of Tune with This Concert,” The American Interest (March-April 2007).

Who ‘Won’ Libya? The Force-Diplomacy Debate and Its Implications for Theory and Policy,” International Security 30:3 (Winter 2005-06), with Christopher A. Whytock.

Yet Again: Humanitarian Intervention and the Challenges of ‘Never Again‘,” in Leashing the Dogs of War: Conflict Management in a Divided World, eds. Chester Crocker, Fen Hampson & Pamela Aall (U.S. Institute of Peace Press, 2007).

“‘Never Again’ or ‘Yet Again’: The Defining Challenge for the Global Community,” Harvard International Review, Vol XXVIII, No. 4 (2007).

Tough Love Multilateralism,” The Washington Quarterly 27 (Winter 2003-04).

“The Realism of Preventive Statecraft” in Conflict Prevention: Path to Peace or Grand Illusion?, David Carment and Albrecht Schnabel, eds. (New York: United Nations University Press, 2003).

Policy Planning: Oxymoron or Sine Qua Non for U.S. Foreign Policy?” with Andrew Bennett, in Good Judgement on Foreign Policy, Deborah Larson & Stanley Renshon, eds. (Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003).

The Need for Praxis: Bringing Policy Relevance Back In,” International Security 26 (Spring 2002).

“Use of Force Dilemmas: Policy and Politics” in Eagle Rules? Foreign Policy and American Primacy in the 21st Century, Robert J. Lieber, ed. (Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, N.J., 2002).

“In Pursuit of Praxis: Applying International Relations Theory to Foreign Policy Making,” in Microslav Nincic and Joseph Lepgold, eds., Being Useful: Policy Relevance and International Relations Theory (University of Michigan Press, 2000).

“Economic Sanctions and Post-Cold War Conflicts: Challenges for Theory and Policy” in International Conflict Resolution after the Cold War, Paul C. Stern and Daniel Druckman, eds. (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000).

“Preventive Diplomacy: A Conceptual and Analytic Framework” and “Preventive Diplomacy: Analytic Conclusions and Policy Lessons” in Jentleson, Opportunities Missed, Opportunities Seized.

“Security Status: Explaining Middle East Regional Security Cooperation and Its Limits,” with Dalia Dassa Kaye, Security Studies 8 (Autumn 1998).

Still Pretty Prudent: Post-Cold War American Public Opinion on the Use of Military Force,” with Rebecca L. Britton, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 42 (August 1998).

“Preventive Diplomacy and Ethnic Conflict: Possible, Difficult, Necessary,” in David Lake and Donald Rothchild (eds.), The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict: Fear, Diffusion and Escalation, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998).

“U.S.-Iraqi Relations, 1983-1990: The Failure of a Reversing Relations Strategy,” in Richard Nelson and Ken Weisrode (eds.), Reversing Relations with Former Adversaries (Gainesville, Fl: University Press of Florida, 1998).

“Who, Why, What and How: Debates over Post-Cold War Military Intervention,” in Robert J. Lieber (ed.), Eagle Adrift: America Foreign Policy at the End of the Century (New York: Longman, 1996).

“The Reagan Administration vs. Nicaragua: The limits of ‘Type C’ Coercive Diplomacy,” Alexander L. George, ed., The Limits of Coercive Diplomacy, revised edition (Boulder: Colo.: Westview Press, 1994).

“The Comparative Analysis of Protracted Military Interventions,” with Ariel Levite and Larry Berman, in Diplomacy, Force and Leadership: Essays in Honor of Alexander L. George, eds. Dan Caldwell and Timothy McKeown (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1994).

“Foreign Policy for a Post-Cold War World: A Clinton Administration,” Brookings Review 10, (Fall 1992).

“Still Pretty Prudent: Post Post-Vietnam American Opinion on the Use of Military Force,” International Studies Quarterly 36 (March 1992).

The Reagan Administration and Coercive Diplomacy: Restraining More Than Remaking Governments,” Political Science Quarterly 106 (Spring 1991).

“Bush and the Post-Cold Cold War World: New Challenges for American Leadership,” with Larry Berman, in The Bush Presidency: First Appraisals, eds. Bert Rockman and Colin Campbell (Chatham, N.J.: Chatham House 1991).

“Soviet-Western Energy Trade: From Trade Controls to Interdependence?”, with Janne H. Matlary, in Export Control Policy in the 1990’s: Perspectives, Problems and Prospects, Gary K. Bertsh & Steven Elliott-Gower, eds. (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1991).

“Discrepant Responses to Falling Dictators: Presidential Belief Systems and the Mediating Effects of Bureaucratic Politics,” Political Psychology 11 (June 1990).

“American Diplomacy: Around the World and Along Pennsylvania Avenue,” in A Question of Balance: The President, the Congress and Foreign Policy, ed. Thomas E. Mann (Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1990).

“Reflections on Praxis and Nexus,” PS: Political Science and Politics 23 (September 1990).

“The Lebanon War and the Soviet-American Competition: Scope and Limits of Superpower Influence,” in The Soviet-American Competition in the Middle East, eds. Steven L. Spiegel, Mark Heller and Jacob Goldberg (Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1988).

“East-West Trade and Superpower Relations,” in Clash in the North: Polar Summitry and NATO’s Northern Flank, ed. Walter Goldstein (New York: Pergamon-Brassey, 1988).

“The Western Alliance and East-West Energy Trade: Past Patterns, Recent Trends and Future Prospects,” in Controlling East-West Trade and Technology Transfer: Power, Politics and Policies, Gary K. Bertsch (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1988).

American Commitments in the Third World: Theory vs. Practice,” International Organization 41.4 (Autumn, 1987).

“The Political Basis for Trade in U.S.-Soviet Relations,” Millennium: Journal of International Studies 15:1 (Spring, 1986(; reprinted in The Cold War Debated, eds. David Carlton and Herbert M. Levine (New York: McGraw Hill, 1988).

From Consensus to Conflict: The Domestic Political Economy of East-West Energy Trade,” International Organization 38:4 (Autumn, 1984).

“Khrushchev’s Oil and Brezhnev’s Natural Gas Pipelines: The Causes and Consequence of the Decline in American Leverage over Western Europe,” in Will Europe Fight for Oil? Energy Relations in the Atlantic Area, ed. Robert J. Lieber (New York: Praeger, 1983).